Essay and report

Check yourself whether you know how to write an essay

Essay is a prosaic composition, usually it is rather short and has free composition. Essay expresses person’s thoughts, views and impressions on a specific issue and obviously not claiming a defining or exhaustive interpretation of the subject.

Some characteristic features of an essay:

  • availability of a specific topic or question. The work devoted to the analysis of a wide range of problems, by definition, can not be performed in this genre.
  • expression of personal insight on a particular occasion or problem.
  • as a rule, assumes a new, subjectively colored word about something. Such a work can have a philosophical, historical-biographical, journalistic, literary-critical, scientific-popular or purely fictional character.
  • in the content of the essay, the personality of the author, his worldview, thoughts and feelings, are first of all evaluated.

Structure and plan of the essay

The structure of an essay is determined by the requirements:

I. The author’s thoughts on the problem are presented in the form of brief theses;

II. The idea must be supported by evidence, so the thesis is followed by the arguments.

Arguments are facts, phenomena of social life, examples of events, life situations and life experience, scientific evidence, references to the opinions of scientists, etc. It is better to give two arguments in favor of each particular thesis: one argument seems unconvincing, three arguments can “overload” the presentation performed in the genre, focused on brevity and imagery.

Thus, the essay acquires a ring structure (the number of theses and arguments depends on the topic, the chosen plan, the logic of the development of thought):

  • introduction;
  • thesis, two arguments;
  • thesis, two arguments;
  • thesis, two arguments;
  • conclusion.

Pay attention to the following when writing an essay

When writing an essay, it is also important to consider the following points:

  1. The introduction and conclusion should focus on the problem (in the introduction it is put, in conclusion – the opinion of the author is summarized).
  2. It is necessary to divide text into logical paragraphs to establish a logical connection between paragraphs: thus the integrity of the work is achieved.
  3. Style of presentation: emotionality, expressiveness, artistry. Experts believe that the proper effect is provided by short, simple sentence with various intonations. However, the style reflects the characteristics of the individual character of the author, this is also useful to remember.

Before you start writing, pay attention to the following questions. The answers to them will allow you to more clearly define what is worth writing:

  1. When touching on your personal qualities or abilities, ask yourself:
  • Do I differ in this or that quality from other people?
  • How does this quality manifest itself?
  1. About every event in your life that you mentioned:
  • Why do I remember this event well?
  • Has it changed me as a person?
  • How did I react to this?
  • Was this a revelation for me; What I had not previously suspected?
  1. About the activities you have been doing:
  • What made me do this kind of work?
  • Why did I continue to do this?
  1. About every person you mentioned:
  • Why did I tell about this person?
  • Do I want to become like him?
  • What are his qualities I admire?
  • Did he tell something that I will remember all my life?
  • Have I revised my views after meeting him?
  1. About each of your failures:
  • What did I learn as a result?
  • What have I learned from this situation?
  1. About each of your preferences and what you do not like:
  • Why do I like or dislike it?
  • Has this circumstance affected to a large extent my life?

Essay and Report Writing Tips (with Examples)

The essay – the composition of short contents and free composition written in prose and expressing personal impressions, emotions and thoughts on a certain subject which don’t pretend on the defining interpretation. The author express especially the opinion about a certain subject and explains why he thinks quite so.

A report is a summary of the content or part of it, including the main factual information and conclusions necessary for the initial acquaintance with the document and determining the appropriateness of referring to it.

The essence of the report is a summary (with sufficient completeness) of the main content of the source. Writing a report is a process of analytical and synthetic processing of primary documents. Mostly scientific and technical literature is referenced, which contains new information.

The essay represents more free form of writing of philosophical work, than the report. Unlike the report, the author of the essay doesn’t apply for the exhaustive or standard interpretation of a subject. On the contrary, he shows own understanding of a key part of the problem, to reason the position, to convince the reader of its correctness. However, choosing such form of work, its author can’t forget that the essay always remains only to one of many “attempts” to solve this or that problem therefore can’t and shouldn’t apply for “the truth in final instance”.

Writing of the essay it is at the same time easier, and more complex work, than preparation of the report. Easier as from the author of the essay such deep study of a subject isn’t required as from the author of the report, acquaintance to the large volume of literature isn’t required. The form of the essay allows do without footnotes and execution of references that also facilitates work on competent execution of the text. Or you can order affordable essay writer help from 10$ per page at website.

However, essay is more complex work. It assumes ability and desire to think, form own position on rather difficult question, to reason it. Besides, for writing of the essay some literary abilities, at least, are required for ability accurately and clearly to state the thoughts in writing.

In short, an essay is what the author feels, more based on his thoughts, interests, worldviews. In the essay, you can specify those who influenced the point of view. In the report, all theses are argued, examples and references are mandatory, there is a compulsory scheme of writing.