Essay and Report Writing Tips (with Examples)

The essay – the composition of short contents and free composition written in prose and expressing personal impressions, emotions and thoughts on a certain subject which don’t pretend on the defining interpretation. The author express especially the opinion about a certain subject and explains why he thinks quite so.

A report is a summary of the content or part of it, including the main factual information and conclusions necessary for the initial acquaintance with the document and determining the appropriateness of referring to it.

The essence of the report is a summary (with sufficient completeness) of the main content of the source. Writing a report is a process of analytical and synthetic processing of primary documents. Mostly scientific and technical literature is referenced, which contains new information.

The essay represents more free form of writing of philosophical work, than the report. Unlike the report, the author of the essay doesn’t apply for the exhaustive or standard interpretation of a subject. On the contrary, he shows own understanding of a key part of the problem, to reason the position, to convince the reader of its correctness. However, choosing such form of work, its author can’t forget that the essay always remains only to one of many “attempts” to solve this or that problem therefore can’t and shouldn’t apply for “the truth in final instance”.

Writing of the essay it is at the same time easier, and more complex work, than preparation of the report. Easier as from the author of the essay such deep study of a subject isn’t required as from the author of the report, acquaintance to the large volume of literature isn’t required. The form of the essay allows do without footnotes and execution of references that also facilitates work on competent execution of the text. Or you can order affordable essay writer help from 10$ per page at website.

However, essay is more complex work. It assumes ability and desire to think, form own position on rather difficult question, to reason it. Besides, for writing of the essay some literary abilities, at least, are required for ability accurately and clearly to state the thoughts in writing.

In short, an essay is what the author feels, more based on his thoughts, interests, worldviews. In the essay, you can specify those who influenced the point of view. In the report, all theses are argued, examples and references are mandatory, there is a compulsory scheme of writing.

The eternal question of students: how to write a term paper and get good evaluation?

Writing a term paper is an obligatory task at the end of the course at any faculty and in any higher educational institution. It is the graduation project – the final and most important test, in its success, teachers judge the overall performance of students and the mastery of the entire course. After defending the diploma, the student becomes a young graduate and starts looking for a job that suits him for education.

It is only natural that not every student is able to write a term paper for a good evaluation. This can be affected by many different factors. But what would not happen, each student will have to defend the diploma.

The advices that our experts have prepared will help each graduate to complete the education deservedly and receive an excellent rating for the diploma work.

Recommendations for writing term paper

Before you start the project, you should consider several important rules:

the topic of the diploma should suit you and be “close”;

the complexity of the topic and the material itself should correspond to your real knowledge, because teachers easily determine your real knowledge on the protection of the project;

the necessary materials for writing a diploma on a particular topic should be available to the student.

To begin, as we have already said, it is worthwhile choosing the topic and getting acquainted with the necessary materials. After a brief review of the data, you need to add a plan for the future project. On the same stages it is necessary to determine the right time (better with a margin) which you need to complete the work. The established deadlines should be strictly adhered to in order to have time to write a diploma without haste and panic.

List of the main sections of term paper

After determining the work plan, the terms for implementation and selection of materials, you can start writing. The main sections should be:

an introduction, in which it is necessary to state the problem (topic) of the work and the steps to solve it;

the theoretical part, in which you must outline the theoretical aspects of the chosen topic;

analytical part – in it you should describe the analytical steps to solve the problem or the topic;

a project part describing individual solutions;

conclusion and conclusions on the assignment;


To improve the quality of work it is worth several times to go through the material and correct mistakes or make changes.

It is also important for the positive evaluation of the design of the work and its presentation. Before the defense is worth the time and several times to rehearse the presentation of the work.

“To be or not to be a term paper?”


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Check yourself whether you know how to write an essay

Essay is a prosaic composition, usually it is rather short and has free composition. Essay expresses person’s thoughts, views and impressions on a specific issue and obviously not claiming a defining or exhaustive interpretation of the subject.

Some characteristic features of an essay:

  • availability of a specific topic or question. The work devoted to the analysis of a wide range of problems, by definition, can not be performed in this genre.
  • expression of personal insight on a particular occasion or problem.
  • as a rule, assumes a new, subjectively colored word about something. Such a work can have a philosophical, historical-biographical, journalistic, literary-critical, scientific-popular or purely fictional character.
  • in the content of the essay, the personality of the author, his worldview, thoughts and feelings, are first of all evaluated.

Structure and plan of the essay

The structure of an essay is determined by the requirements:

I. The author’s thoughts on the problem are presented in the form of brief theses;

II. The idea must be supported by evidence, so the thesis is followed by the arguments.

Arguments are facts, phenomena of social life, examples of events, life situations and life experience, scientific evidence, references to the opinions of scientists, etc. It is better to give two arguments in favor of each particular thesis: one argument seems unconvincing, three arguments can “overload” the presentation performed in the genre, focused on brevity and imagery.

Thus, the essay acquires a ring structure (the number of theses and arguments depends on the topic, the chosen plan, the logic of the development of thought):

  • introduction;
  • thesis, two arguments;
  • thesis, two arguments;
  • thesis, two arguments;
  • conclusion.

Pay attention to the following when writing an essay

When writing an essay, it is also important to consider the following points:

  1. The introduction and conclusion should focus on the problem (in the introduction it is put, in conclusion – the opinion of the author is summarized).
  2. It is necessary to divide text into logical paragraphs to establish a logical connection between paragraphs: thus the integrity of the work is achieved.
  3. Style of presentation: emotionality, expressiveness, artistry. Experts believe that the proper effect is provided by short, simple sentence with various intonations. However, the style reflects the characteristics of the individual character of the author, this is also useful to remember.

Before you start writing, pay attention to the following questions. The answers to them will allow you to more clearly define what is worth writing:

  1. When touching on your personal qualities or abilities, ask yourself:
  • Do I differ in this or that quality from other people?
  • How does this quality manifest itself?
  1. About every event in your life that you mentioned:
  • Why do I remember this event well?
  • Has it changed me as a person?
  • How did I react to this?
  • Was this a revelation for me; What I had not previously suspected?
  1. About the activities you have been doing:
  • What made me do this kind of work?
  • Why did I continue to do this?
  1. About every person you mentioned:
  • Why did I tell about this person?
  • Do I want to become like him?
  • What are his qualities I admire?
  • Did he tell something that I will remember all my life?
  • Have I revised my views after meeting him?
  1. About each of your failures:
  • What did I learn as a result?
  • What have I learned from this situation?
  1. About each of your preferences and what you do not like:
  • Why do I like or dislike it?
  • Has this circumstance affected to a large extent my life?

How to learn to write a composition on literature

In this article we will consider an important question: how to learn to write a composition on literature? There are many approaches.

1. Training in the selection of subjects. If you have the opportunity to choose a topic, pick the one on which there are exciting thoughts to which you wouldn’t refuse to chat with friends. In any book, you can find an idea that outrages or inspires you, let it not be the main line of the story. If there is no interest in the topics, try to approach the teacher and offer your own – most often the teacher is pleased with the initiative, especially if you have not shown it before. If you haven’t a choice and don’t like your topic, how to learn to write a composition?

Try to look at it as a challenge. Is it boring, annoying, not interesting? Try to go further – what exactly causes this reaction? Most often, the topic is very far from you, but if you think about what a character from your friends might look like? Try to mentally remove the scenery and age of the characters, look for points of contact with your life, perhaps it will help you find something interesting and write your own thoughts on this topic.

2. Training in the formulation of thoughts. There is a question, but how to describe what I think? Like in the head there are words, but they aren’t written in any way. There is a way! The text is built of 4 elements: actions, thoughts, emotions and description – rely on it. Break up your future composition into semantic parts: introduction, the main theme, completion, think and write on the draft, what keywords enter into each part, so that all 4 elements are. So create a “skeleton” of the composition, and then add details. Start with an essay or don’t take a school program at all, and write an article in freestyle about your favorite movie or game – so you can stuff your hand.

Don’t demand from yourself immediately an excellent result, the skill of writing a beautiful text is a long work. How to learn how to write an essay? Train, make mistakes and write a lot.

The composition in the school.

The composition is the creative written work of the student on a given topic.

In the process of studying at school, students must learn the skills of writing essays of several kinds.

According to the source material for the work of the essay are based on their own experience, a guided tour, a book or an impression of a painting.

According to the degree of independence written essays can be individual and group. As for the latter, this form is most often used in junior classes, when it is still difficult for children to organize their own thoughts and impressions. Gradually the student learns to write individual works.

The genre is characterized by descriptions, narratives and reasoning. In the primary classes, a narrative genre with description elements is used. This is due to the fact that the narrative refers to some actions, and it is quite easy for children to cope with the plot lines. To describe you need more complex skills, in particular, observation. After all, the student is required to indicate the signs of this or that phenomenon, the hero, and for this one needs attentiveness. As for reasoning, this genre requires a logical interweaving of their own judgments in the work, therefore such works are written already in high school.

There are standard steps by writing composition :

naming a topic;


writing an introduction with a presentation of the topic;

writing the main part of the composition;

conclusion with conclusions.

This is a completely logical structure of work on any composition, which, in fact, reflects the correct and consistent thinking.

The criterion for evaluating the composition is composition – the semantic integrity of the work, how well thought out the construction of the work.

Traditionally, three parts of the composition are singled out:

1) an introduction, the task of which is to introduce the topic, give preliminary, general information about the problem that lies behind the proposed topic;

2) the main part, which directly reveals the theme of the work, provides reasoning, the text of the work of art is analyzed;

3) the conclusion, in which the result is summarized.

Synopsis. How to write the best review.

To write a good synopsis is a problem for many experienced and well-known authors. And beginners often do not even imagine what it is.

In fact, this is a summary of the story about which you wrote the book. And notice, it’s not retelling, but the presentation. The paraphrase is an enumeration of the main events from the prologue to the word “end”. And the presentation is a creative analysis of the work. It includes not only events, but also the essence of the situation and ideas, the essence of the conflict and intrigue, as well as the essence of the importance of the main character (or several). In editorial circles there is an opinion that the ideal synopsis should consist of one or two sentences. The scope of the short review should be small. Nobody will understand the subtleties of the author’s intrigue, set out on ten pages. The synopsis content of your story shouldn’t exceed two pages or 4000-5000 characters with spaces. And the less it turns out, the better. The main thing is that the synopsis should reflect the essence of the plot. How to achieve this? Just follow the rules!

Rules of writing of a synopsis
1. Statement — in the present and in third person even if your novel is written from the first person.
2. Style – publicistic, offers – capacious and short, the humour, sarcasm or irony – aren’t appropriate, instructions on your genius – too.
3. In the text of a synopsis it is important to answer the following questions in brief:
about what the history is;
who is the main characters and what their features;
what the conflict is this story;
what purpose of heroes;
in what world there are events.
4. Excess details, as well as author’s emotions — are excluded. The real facts told simply and passionlessly: I was born unusual among ordinary people – I have followed ways at the villain – I have overcome the evil – I married – I have died in old age in an environment of grandsons. And all.
5. Surely accurately to depict an ending, and in the presence of continuation of the book – to point to it and to designate in brief that the hero intends to do next.
6. It is also important to specify your full names and contacts, the name of the book (and if it is necessary, to add that it is the first book of a cycle), to designate a genre in a synopsis and it is desirable – a publishing series at which you have aimed.
7. If have met the word “synopsis” on the website of publishing house, you don’t hurry to look for information on the Internet. Attentively study the website and at first look for requirements on the place.


Report is short information message on the concrete topic or object. It also includes illustrations, charts, charts and tables. Using of visual objects the presented information will become more interesting and accessible for listeners.  

For students or schoolchildren, writing reports is an integral part of learning. In general, this work can be described as a small, meaningful presentation on a topic. The method of transferring information contained in the abstract can be written or oral. Both options provide for a structured text based on several sources.

There are certain features of writing reports. They are based on making the text more professional. It is appreciated in any educational institution.

Starting work on the report, it is necessary to remember that the most important thing in the text is a clear transmission of thought. At the same time, a characteristic feature is that you need to convey your attitude to the material stated. For this, several sources are taken. Their choice is always based on a certain topic. Its author can choose independently, or it’s set by the teacher.

Literature is selected directly under the topic of the report. In this case, one can take both old and modern sources. This can be a diverse literature, for example, books, articles, and so on. They must be well studied, choosing their main thoughts. Literally, with the report you can use only some phrases, for example, the statement of the author.

As soon as the list of literature is compiled, it is necessary to draw up a structure for the future project. Mandatory items in it will be: title page, introduction, main body, conclusion, list of literature. It is also important to pay attention to the appearance of the report.

It is very important to give examples, to indicate statistical data, as well as any other practical information. And also give examples of scientific publications and statements of specialists, which can often be found in periodicals: newspapers, magazines and bulletins. Unique material can be found by scrolling through pages of electronic magazines and websites. Therefore, you shouldn’t disregard the Internet sources for obtaining new and unique information.

As a result of the work done, the volume of the received report shouldn’t exceed 15-20 pages. It ‘d be remembered that this is a report, not a course or diploma work. Its main purpose is to educate and provide information to listeners in a more detailed version.

The report should contain not only well-known information, but also unknown facts, interesting conclusions and views of domestic and foreign authors. Only in this case the abstract will be unique and informative, and will also comply with generally accepted standards for the preparation of a scientific report.